Cite using Harvard

Harvard, citations, references

Theses and essays

In-text citation


(Last name, Year)

Parenthetical citations
... (Amid Hägg, 2021).
... (Adam, 2018).
... (Xu, 2021).

Narrative citations (when the author is mentioned in the text)
According to Amid Hägg (2021) it's...
Adam (2018) claims...


Reference list entry


Last name, First name and Last name, First name (Year). Title. Type of thesis. University/Publisher, Place of publication. URL [Accessed: date].

Amid Hägg, Shadi (2021). Sleep disturbances: Consequences and comorbidities. Doctoral thesis. Uppsala university, Uppsala. [Accessed: 2022-08-23].

Adam, Jonathan (2018). Street Music, City Rhythms: The urban soundscape as heard by street musicians. Master's thesis. Uppsala university, Uppsala. [Accessed: 2021-01-01].

Xu, Jiangyi (2021). Homemade bubble tea system. Master's thesis. Pratt Institute, New York.



  • If the thesis is available online you may include a URL and date of retrieval at the end of the reference list entry.