Cite using Harvard

Harvard, citations, references


In-text citation


(Last name, Year)

Parenthetical citations
... (Cooper, 2020).

Narrative citations (when the author is mentioned in the text)
According to Cooper (2020) it's...


Reference list entry


Last name, First name and Last name, First name (Year). Title of the blog post. Title of the blogPublishing date. URL [Accessed: date].

Cooper, Andrew (2020). Predatory publishing in academia. UU English Department Blog, 2020-12-14. [Accessed: 2023-07-24].



  • The date of retrieval should be stated for all electronic sources, in addition to the year of publication. This is written as shown above, in square brackets with the word "Accessed:". The reason for this is that electronic sources may theoretically get edited and the information in them can then change. For this reason it is important to indicate at what time you studied an electronic source.