Cite using Vancouver


Organization/Last name XX. Title of page [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date/Year [updated year month day; cited year month day]. Available: URL


1. National Library of Sweden. History of the Codex Gigas [Internet]. Stockholm: National Library of Sweden; 2021 [updated 2021 September 20; cited 2022 May 9]. Available:

2. United Nations. Eight things you need to know about the sanitation crisis [Internet]. United Nations; 2019 October 31 [cited 2021 July 2]. Available:

  • If information about the publisher or place of publication is missing it can be ommitted from the reference.
  • The date of retrieval should be stated for all electronic sources, in addition to the year of publication. This is written as shown above, in square brackets with the word "cited". The reason for this is that electronic sources may theoretically get edited and the information in them can then change. For this reason it is important to indicate at what time you studied an electronic source.