Cite using Vancouver



Last name XX/Organisation, developer(s). Title [computer software]. Version x.x. Place of publication: Publisher; Year. Available: DOI/URL


1. Anthony L, developer. AntConc [computer software]. Version 4.2.0. Tokyo: Waseda University; 2022. Available:

2. IBM Corp., developer. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows [computer software].Version 25.0. Armonk, New York: IBM Corp.; 2017. Available:


  • Established practice for citing software varies. Instead of citing the software itself, you might be expected to cite a journal article describing the software (for example, in medicine and life science). More information on citing software can be found in the Data Processing and Analysis Guide.