Cite using Vancouver

General

In the Vancouver style, journal titles are usually abbreviated following the NLM guidelines. If you don't know the abbreviation of a journal title, try searching for the journal in Pubmed/Medline.


Not all journal titles have abbreviated forms. If you can't find the journal through the link above, use the full title instead.

Journal articles, 1-6 authors

Template

Last name XX, Last name XX, Last name XX. Title of the article. Title of the journal in abbreviated form. Year;volume(issue):pages xx-x.

 

Examples
1. Belger J, Bräuer J. Metacognition in dogs: Do dogs know they could be wrong? Learn. Behav. 2018;46(4):398-413.

2. Ocklenburg S, Isparta S, Peterburs J, Papadatou-Pastou M. Paw preferences in cats and dogs: Meta-analysis. Laterality. 2019;24(6):647-77.

3. Fragaszy DM. Dogs (Canis familiaris) ignore gravity. J Comp Psychol. 2019;133(1):1-3.

4. Swall A, Craftman Å, Grundberg Å, Wiklund E, Väliaho N, Hagelin CL. Dog handlers' experiences of therapy dogs' impact on life near death for persons with dementia. Int J Palliat Nurs. 2019;25(2):65-71.

 

Comments
  • Printed and electronic journal articles follow the same format. If you have an ID number for the article, such as a DOI number or a PMID number you can add it to the end of the reference: 

    • Fragaszy DM. Dogs (Canis familiaris) ignore gravity. J Comp Psychol. 2019;133(1):1-3. doi: 10.1037/com0000170

  • Use the abbreviated form of the journal title (following PubMed/Medline) if it has one.

  • When writing page numbers, numbers that are common to both the first and last page are omitted. When citing an article beginning on page 250 and ending on page 257 you would write "250-7".

Journal articles, more than 6 authors

Template
Last name XX, Last name XX, Last name XX, Last name XX, Last name XX, Last name XX, et al. Title of the article. Title of the journal in abbreviated form. Year;volume(issue):pages xx-x.

 

Examples
1. Piotti P, Szabó D, Bognár Z, Egerer A, Hulsbosch P, Carson RS, et al. Effect of age on discrimination learning, reversal learning, and cognitive bias in family dogs. Learn Behav. 2018;46(4):537-53.

2. Silbert-Flagg J, Shilling SD, Lucas L, Nolan MT, Lin L, Bellefeuille P, et al. Preparing for a student with a service animal. J Prof Nurs. 2020;36(6):458-61.

3. Callan R, Owens JR, Bi W, Kilham B, Yan X, Qi D, et al. Free-roaming dogs limit habitat use of giant pandas in nature reserves. Sci Rep. 2020;10(1):10247.

 

Comments
  • The first six authors are named followed by "et al.".
  • Printed and electronic journal articles follow the same format. If you have an ID number for the article, such as a DOI number or a PMID number you can add it to the end of the reference: 

    • Silbert-Flagg J, Shilling SD, Lucas L, Nolan MT, Lin L, Bellefeuille P, m. fl. Preparing for a student with a service animal. J Prof Nurs. 2020;36(6):458-61. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2020.03.001

  • Use the abbreviated form of the journal title (following PubMed/Medline) if it has one.

  • When writing page numbers, numbers that are common to both the first and last page are omitted. When citing an article beginning on page 250 and ending on page 257 you would write "250-7".