Cite using IEEE



In printed form:

[#] X. Last name and X. Last name, "Title of the patent," Swedish/American/European patent x xxx xxx, Abbreviated month Day, Year.

In electronic form:

[#] Title of the patent, by X. Last name and X. Last name. (Year, Abbreviated month Day). Swedish/American/European patent x xxx xxx [Online]. Available: URL/Database


[1] G. De'Longhi, P. Evangelisti and F. Franzo, "Coffee Machine With Improved Movement System Of The Brewing Cylinder," American patent US 2021369040 A1, Dec. 2, 2021.

[2] E. Musk et al., "Autonomous and user controlled vehicle summon to a target," American patent US 2020/0257317 A1, Aug. 13, 2020.

[3] Lighting system and method for automatic control of an illumination pattern, by B. Esfahani. (2018, Apr. 19). Swedish patent SE 1651358 A1 [Online]. Available:


  • The inventor(s) are specified as authors.
  • If the patent has more than six inventors, only the first is named followed by et al. in italics.
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