In printed form:
[#] X. Last name and X. Last name, "Title of the patent," Swedish/American/European patent x xxx xxx, Abbreviated month Day, Year.
In electronic form:
[#] Title of the patent, by X. Last name and X. Last name. (Year, Abbreviated month Day). Swedish/American/European patent x xxx xxx [Online]. Available: URL/Database
 G. De'Longhi, P. Evangelisti and F. Franzo, "Coffee Machine With Improved Movement System Of The Brewing Cylinder," American patent US 2021369040 A1, Dec. 2, 2021.
 E. Musk et al., "Autonomous and user controlled vehicle summon to a target," American patent US 2020/0257317 A1, Aug. 13, 2020.
 Lighting system and method for automatic control of an illumination pattern, by B. Esfahani. (2018, Apr. 19). Swedish patent SE 1651358 A1 [Online]. Available: http://worldwide.espacenet.com
- The inventor(s) are specified as authors.
- If the patent has more than six inventors, only the first is named followed by et al. in italics.
- The date should be the date of publication/approval, not the application date.