Citation Guide


MLA (Modern Language Association) style is commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. The examples on these pages are based on the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook published by the Modern Language Association in 2016. Read more at:

In-text Citations

In MLA, in-text citations are placed within parentheses in the text. In the parentheses, the Author name and a page number are provided. The complete reference is listed under Works Cited.

If the publication has one or two authors, include the last name of each:

(Björklund and Paulsson 45)

f there are three or more authors, include the last name of the first author followed by "et al.":

(Booth et al. 56)

If there is no author, include either the whole title of the work in the text or use a shortened form of the title in parentheses, using the first words of the title:

("Mutual Fund")