Citation Guide

Citing different types of souces

On these pages, we present one example of how you can cite sources according to the Harvard system. There are many varieties of how Harvard references can be formatted. Always check with your teacher or supervisor if there are other instructions for your assignment.

Book / E-Book

LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Book title. Edition. Place published: Publisher.

LAST NAME, INITIAL. & LAST NAME, INITIAL (eds.) Year. Book title, Place published: Publisher.

LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Book title, Place published: Publisher. Available: doi-number/URL.


BACKHOUSE, R. 2010. The puzzle of modern economics : Science or ideology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

In-text citation: (Backhouse, 2010)

BOOTH, W.C., COLOMB, G.G., WILLIAMS, J.M., BIZUP, J. & FITZGERALD, W.T. 2016. The craft of research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Available: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uu/detail.action?docID=4785166.

In-text citation: (Booth et.al., 2016)

MAGNUSSON, L. 2014. Sveriges ekonomiska historia. Lund: Studentlitteratur.

In-text citation: (Magnusson, 2014)

ROBERTSON, J.L. & BARLING, J. (eds.) 2015. The psychology of green organizations. New York: Oxford University Press. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199997480.001.0001.

In-text citation: (Robertson and Barling, 2015)

VON BILLERBECK, S.B.K. 2017. Whose peace?: Local ownership and united nations peacekeeping. Oxford;New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

In-text citation: (von Billerbeck, 2017)

Chapter in a book

LAST NAME, INITIAL. & LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Title of chapter. In: LAST NAME, INITIAL. & LAST NAME, INITIAL (eds.) Year. Book title. Edition. Place published: Publisher, pages.


FURULAND, G. 2010. Skönlitterära häftesserier : Ett mediefönster på bokmarknaden. In: HARVARD, J. & LUNDELL, P. (eds.) 1800-talets mediesystem. Stockholm: Kungliga biblioteket, 65-83.

In-text citation: (Furuland, 2010)

Dissertation / Thesis

LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Title of Dissertation/Thesis. Level. University (and Department). Available: URL [Accessed date].


BJURSTRÖM, P. 2011. On the Use of Bibliometrics for Domain Analysis: A Study of the Academic Field of Political Science in Europe. Master's Thesis. Uppsala University Department of ALM. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-155192 [Accessed 2017-07-28].

In-text citation: (Bjurström, 2011)

FOWLER, N. 2017. Walking the Plank of the Entrepreneurial University: The Little Spin-Out that Could? Diss. Uppsala University.

In-text citation: (Fowler, 2017)

Encyclopedia

TITLE OF REFERENCE WORK. Year. Reference entry. Available: URL [Accessed date].

LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Reference entry. In: Title of reference work. Place published: Publisher.


NATIONALENCYKLOPEDIN. 2014. Soliditet. Available: http://www.ne.se/lang/soliditet/311346 [Accessed 2014-06-16].

In-text citation: (Nationalencyklopedin, 2014)

OVESEN, J. 1993. Kultur. In: Nationalencyklopedin, Höganäs: Bra Böcker.

In-text citation: (Ovesen, 1993)

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA. 2017. Mutual fund. In: Encyclopaedia Britannica. Available: https://www.britannica.com/topic/mutual-fund. [Accessed 2018-07-02].

In-text citation: (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2017)

Journal Article

LAST NAME, INITIAL. & LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Title of Article. Name of Publication, Volume, Pages.


CAILLEBA, P. & CASTERAN, H. 2010. Do Ethical Values Work? A Quantitative Study of the Impact of Fair Trade Coffee on Consumer Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 97, 613-624.

In-text citation: (Cailleba and Casteran, 2010)

SCHEUERMAN, W. E. 2014. Whistleblowing as Civil Disobediance: The Case of Edward Snowden. Philosophy & Social Criticism, 40, 609-628.

In-text citation: (Scheuerman, 2014)

LEA, M.R. & STREET, B.V. 1998. Student writing in higher education: An academic literacies approach. Studies in Higher Education, 23, 157-172.

In-text citation: (Lea and Street, 1998)

CLEMENTS, D.H. & SARAMA, J. 2008. Experimental evaluation of the effects of a research-based preschool mathematics curriculum. American Educational Research Journal, 45, 443-494.

In-text citation: (Clements and Sarama, 2008)

Newspaper Article

LAST NAME, INITIAL. & LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Title of Article. Name of Publication, Date, Pages.

LAST NAME, INITIAL. & LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Title of Article. Name of Publication, Date. Available: URL [Accessed date].


SOLON, O. 2017. 'It's Digital Colonialism': How Facebook's Free Internet Service has Failed its Users. The Guardian. 27 July. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jul/27/facebook-free-basics-developing-markets [Accessed 2017-07-28].

In-text citation: (Solon, 2017)

ZINGALES, L. & ROLNIK, G.2017. A Way to Own Your Social-Media Data. New York Times. 1 July, p.23.

In-text citation: (Zingales and Rolnik, 2017)

ERIKSSON, H. 2014. Fler kvinnor tar plats i företagens styrelser. DN.se, 4 June. Available: http://www.dn.se/ekonomi/fler-kvinnor-tar-plats-i-foretagens-styrelser/ [Accessed 2014-06-04].

In-text citation: (Eriksson, 2014)

BJÖRKLUND, M. 2011. Skulderna biter sig fast i euroländerna. Dagens Nyheter, 3 September, p.20.

In-text citation: (Björklund, 2011)

Report

LAST NAME, INITIAL & LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Title of Report. (Series and number). Place published: Publisher.

ORGANISATION NAME. Year. Title of Report. (Series and number). Place published: Publisher. Available: URL [Accessed date].


AHLBERG TIDBLAD, A. 2001. Litiumjonbatterier för stationära tillämpningar. (Elforsk Rapport 2001:23) Stockholm:  Elforsk.

In-text citation: (Ahlberg Tidblad, 2001)

H&M. 2013. Årsredovisning 2013. Available: http://about.hm.com/sv/investors/reports.html [Accessed 2014-06-19].

In-text citation: (H&M, 2013)

SJÖBERG, J. 2017. Ungas förutsättningar för hållbar konsumtion. (Rapport 6750) Stockholm:  Naturvårdsverket. Available: http://www.naturvardsverket.se/Om-Naturvardsverket/Publikationer/ISBN/6700/978-91-620-6750-2/.

In-text citation: (Sjöberg, 2017)

ÅNGPANNEFÖRENINGEN. 2007. Årsberättelse 2006.  Stockholm:  AB Ångpanneföreningen.

In-text citation: (Ångpanneföreningen, 2006)

Statistics / Data

LAST NAME, INITIAL & LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Title of Data Set, Name of data repository. Version. Persistent URL [Accessed date].


JOHNSON, J.C., SOUVA, M. & SMITH, D.L. 2014. Replication data for: Market-Protecting Institutions and the World Trade Organization's Ability to Promote Trade, Harvard Dataverse. Version 1. https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/24759.

In-text citation: (Johnson, Souva and Smith, 2014)

SCB. 2017. Nyfödda, de 10 och 100 vanligaste tilltalsnamnen efter namngivningsår. År 1998 - 2016. Stockholm: Statistiska centralbyrån. Available: http://www.statistikdatabasen.scb.se/pxweb/sv/ssd/START__BE__BE0001/BE0001T05AR/?rxid=f45f90b6-7345-4877-ba25-9b43e6c6e299 [Accessed 2018-02-02].

In-text citation: (SCB, 2017)

STOCKHOLMS STAD. 2018. Cykelparkering. Stockholm: Stockholms stad, Trafikkontoret. Available: http://dataportalen.stockholm.se/dataportalen/GetMetaDataById?id=LvFeature8885279 [Accessed 2018-07-03].

In-text citation: (Stockholms stad, 2018)

UCDP. 2017. Adoni–ogoni. Uppsala: Uppsala universitet. Available: http://ucdp.uu.se/#nonstate/5396 [Accessed 2017-10-03].

In-text citation: (UCDP, 2017)

Video / Audio

Title of film/program. Year. [Type of medium]. Publisher/distributor. Available: URL [Accessed date].

PRODUCER/DIRECTOR/CREATOR. Year. Title of film/program. [Type of medium]. Publisher/distributor. Available: URL [Accessed date].


Runt i naturen : Svenska djur - grävling, 2002. [TV-program]. Utbildningsradion. Available: https://uraccess.net/products/100934 [Accessed 2016-03-10].

In-text citation: (Runt i naturen, 2002)

Study - live - enjoy (part 1, arrival), 2014. [video]. Uppsala University Sweden. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EqBN3d99KUk [Accessed 2016-03-10].

In-text citation: (Study - live - enjoy, 2014)

Plånboken, 2015. [radioprogram]. Sveriges Radio, P1.

In-text citation: (Plånboken, 2015)

Webpage

LAST NAME, INITIAL. Year. Title of webpage. Available: URL [Accessed date].

ORGANISATION NAME. Year. Title of webpage. Available: URL [Accessed date].


UNITED NATIONS  (n.d.). Sustainable development goals. Available: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/ [Accessed 2018-07-02].

In-text citation: (United Nations, n.d.)

STATENS MEDIERÅD. 2011. Instruktion för statens medieråd. Available: http://www.statensmedierad.se/Om-Statens-medierad/Uppdrag/Instruktion/ [Accessed 2014-06-04].

In-text citation: (Statens Medieråd, 2011)